Global Programme against Corruption

The Global Programme against Corruption was designed by the Centre for International Crime Prevention (CICP), in collaboration with the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI), to assist member countries in their efforts to curb corruption.

 

Programme summary

Among the objectives of the Programme is the provision of anti-corruption tools to raise the probability of detection and the cost of participation in corrupt activities, thereby increasing the risk of involvement.

The Programme is composed of three main components: action learning, technical cooperation, and evaluation. It will take place at the international, national and subnational (or municipal) levels.

 

Who?

Programme facilitators

Action learning: CICP, supported by UNICRI and international experts, ODCCP and UNDCP Field Offices and bilateral partners funding specific pilot countries

Technical Cooperation: CICP, supported by national and international experts, ODCCP and UNDCP Field Offices

Evaluation: International Steering Committee supported by international experts

 

Programme organization

International Steering Committee

All Programme activities will be managed by CICP with the help of an International Steering Committee. This Committee will meet regularly, ensuring the proper involvement of Member States participating in the Programme, either as donors or as clients, and coordinating with the various other international and bilateral organizations. It will create a discussion forum to share experiences from the pilot projects.

 

Programme execution

This Programme will be implemented emphasizing the principles of: (a) local ownership, (b) donor coordination, (c) integrated approach, (d) focus on impact, and (e) independent evaluation.

 

Where?

Pilot countries

BENIN

BOLIVIA

GUATEMALA

HUNGARY

INDONESIA

LEBANON

NICARAGUA

NIGERIA

ROMANIA

SOUTH AFRICA

TAJIKISTAN

THE FORMER

   YUGOSLAV

   REPUBLIC OF

   MACEDONIA

UGANDA

 

Implementation strategy

Action learning

In order to improve its technical cooperation activities and tools over time, a systematic action learning process will be used to identity best practices.

 

Country projects.

Testing new approaches and anticorruption tools, the Programme will work initially with 13 countries from Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Middle East. Each country has requested help from CICP and has agreed to include all stakeholder groups in the assessment of corruption and the design and monitoring of an integrated and realistic anti-corruption implementation programme.

 

A Country Assessment will be performed regularly to document trends of corruption in:

public administration and "street-level" (citizen interface with public administration agencies);

private sector (especially medium-sized businesses); and

high-level finance and politics.

 

The main results will be stored in a database on the web sites of UNICRI and CICP. The Country Assessment will be disseminated through:

regular meetings with member countries;

United Nations periodicals and web sites;

the respective web sites of the member countries linked to the web sites of CICP and UNICRI.

 

Through this process the most successful tools will be identified and refined into an Anti-Corruption Tool-kit available on the CICP web site and/or through technical cooperation projects.

 

What?

Tool-kit focus areas

 

Prevention

Enforcement

Institution strengthening

Awareness raising

 

Technical cooperation

Because corruption is dynamic and has cross-cutting dimensions and impact, the most appropriate approach must also be dynamic, integrated and holistic. Emphasis should be equally weighted among preventive and enforcement measures. CICP's main focus will be to strengthen judicial and law enforcement systems in member countries.

 

Technical cooperation will reflect a modular approach of comprehensive anti-corruption measures, or tools, that may be implemented in different stages. This will maximize the flexibility of the adoption of such measures to fit the needs and context of each country/sub-region. Each tool will be tested and refined by the action learning process.

 

Within the Global Programme, technical cooperation will be provided mainly:

At the international level by:

Promoting international transparency and accountability through:

The establishment of a monitoring mechanism and panel of national and international experts;

Enforcement of adequate international legal instruments; and

The adoption of coherent strategies to fight corruption by the international community through shared information.

 

At the national level by:

Assessing existing national institutions, strategies and measures against corruption;

Providing advice on drafting/revising relevant legislation and strengthening rule of law;

Providing advice on establishing and strengthening anti-corruption bodies;

Developing preventive measures; and

Providing training on newly introduced anti-corruptionmeasures to all stakeholder groups.

 

At the sub-national/local level.

Experience has shown that building momentum is easier and curbing corruption less complicated at the "grassroots" level. Therefore member countries will be advised to place equal emphasis on the initiation of anti-corruption programmes as close to the "customers" (i.e. civil society) as possible. At the sub-national level the anti-corruption programme could:

Assess existing sub-national institutions and measures against corruption;

Provide technical assistance in implementing relevant regulatory and procedural measures; and

Facilitate adoption and implementation of national initiatives and preventive measures at the local level.

 

Evaluation

This component will be undertaken by the International Steering Committee with the support of international experts. They will perform an independent evaluation in all the pilot countries to identify successes and failures.

 

 

How?

Joining the Global Programme

Request CICP to conduct a Country Assessment

Sign a National Anti-Corruption Agreement with the United Nations

Support a participative and holistic project design

Conduct an independent evaluation and diseminate the results

 

The Programme seeks funding from bilateral donor agencies and the private sector. Funding has been provided to date by France, the Netherlands, Norway and the United States of America. An estimated US$ 6.7 million is needed for the next 3 years. The funding gap of almost US$4.4 million is estimated for 2000-2002.

 

Year 2000 Global Programme Events at Vienna

Corruption Workshop at the Tenth Congress (April 10-11)

Two-day Expert Meeting (April 13-14)

Strengthening the Integrity in the Judiciary, for Chief Justices (April 15-16) in collaboration with Transparency International

 

Additional information:

Details on the Programme can be found at:

Internet: http://www.uncjin.org/CICP/cicp.html

The rapid assessments are described at:

Internet: http://www.unicri.it/

 

Or contact:

Global Programme Against Corruption

Centre for International Crime Prevention (CICP)

Vienna International Centre

Room E1272

P.O. Box 500

A-1400 Vienna, Austria